Phyto Frequently Asked Questions

What is a plant protection product (PPP)?
This term refers specifically to the plant uses of pesticides (agricultural and non-agricultural, such as in gardens or green spaces of municipalities). There are mainly three categories: herbicides (to control weeds), fungicides (to control fungi) and insecticides (to control insects). Other products have an action on rodents (rodenticides), snails and slugs (molluscicides). According to the definition given by the article L.253-1 of the rural code, they also include products containing GMOs whose function is to destroy undesirable species.
What is a MA ?
The Marketing Authorization (MA) is the agreement given to a holder of the exploitation rights of a commercial plant protection product manufactured industrially so that he can market it. Any plant protection product must be distributed under a MA number, which must appear on the product label.
All the MAs granted in France are listed on the website https://e-phy.agriculture.gouv.fr/
What is an SDS?
The Safety Data Sheet is a form containing data on the properties of a chemical substance.
These sheets are an important element of health and safety for the users of the products and for those who treat their remains, residues, or waste soiled by these toxic and/or dangerous products but also for the caregivers, by informing theemergency personnel (including poison control centers) on the risks related to these products and the means to reduce them.
These cards are widely used to catalog information on chemicals. They should be available wherever a substance is used. In Europe, they must be distributed by the manufacturer or distributor of the product to the customer and in the customer's language.
What are the risks associated with the use of PPPs?
On humans:
Plant protection products have been known to scientists since the 1960s for their harmful effects on human health. Their exposure increases the risk of neurodegenerative diseases,hemopathies and reproductive disorders and several types of cancers(gliomas, sarcomas, prostate cancers, etc.). These risks are stated by risk phrases on the labels of the products concerned:

H301 Toxic by inhalation
H302 Harmful if swallowed
EUH029 Contact with water liberates toxic gases
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
H315 Causes skin irritation.
H351 May cause cancer
H350 May cause cancer
H340 May cause genetic defects
H360 May cause harm to fertility or the unborn child.
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
H362 May be harmful to breast-fed babies.

On the environment:
The risks on the environment are various, they are stated by risk phrases which must be affixed on the labels of the products concerned:

H400 Very toxic for aquatic organisms
H411 Toxic for aquatic organisms, causes long-term adverse effects.
H412 Harmful to aquatic organisms, causing long-term adverse effects.
EUH401 Follow instructions for use to avoid risks to human health and the environment.
EUH059 Harmful to the ozone layer


To reduce the risks, it is advisable to limit the application of these products (other solutions known as "bio" may exist, see the section "Alternative Control") and to protect oneself in an appropriate manner (see the section "PPE: Personal Protective Equipment ").
Are there more or less harmful PPPs?
PPPs are classified by level of danger, pictograms present on the labels of the products give you the indication of the type of danger linked to their use (see the "Good Agricultural Practices" sheet).
The mention EAJ (Authorized Use in Garden) guarantees a less dangerous level.
The UAB label (Usable in Organic Agriculture) guarantees that the active substance used in the product does not present an unacceptable risk for human or animal health, nor for the environment when the product is used under the normal conditions related to its marketing authorization (MA).
What types of PPPs can I use in my garden?
According to the decree of October 6, 2004 concerning the conditions of authorization and use of the mention "authorized use in gardens" for plant protection products modified by the decree of July 26, 2005, the specialties benefiting from the mention "Authorized Use in Gardens (EAJ)" are the only products that can be sold to non-professionals (amateur gardeners) and used by them because they present guarantees of lesser danger.
What are the Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) and the Pre-harvest intervals (PHI) ?
MRLs are the maximum regulatory concentrations of active substances that must not be exceeded in foodstuffs. They are defined during the toxicological studies carried out to obtain the MA.
Respecting the prescriptions for the use of a product defined by the MA, particularly with regard to the Pre-Harvest Interval (PHI), allows not to exceed the MRL of this product.
The DAR is the time necessary for the degradation of the phytosanitary product after treatment that must be respected before harvesting. If no ARfD is indicated on the label, the ARfD is 3 days.
Respect the instructions on the label !


COMPANY APPROVED BY THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE FOR THE SALE OF PHYTO-PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS TO NON-PROFESSIONAL USERS
Approval number : IF01878

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